Monday, August 17, 2015

There was a day in history , were Bill Gates Said
640K is more memory than anyone will ever need

Did Bill Gates really said this is a topic of debate.  Now the amount of data and information generating in each second is enormous. 

Where we are storing all these data ?
How long we can store all data ?  And there are many more questions to answer. The cost, security, ease of duplication, space and resources required.
Storing a movie to DNA
DNA The future of Data Storage 

Now in the changing world with free thinkers thinks that
There is always a way to do it better
Our nature has the answer for all our problems. Replicating the nature in a usable way is a mammoth task.

Do you ever dreamed about storing all your data in a pin point?

In this post we are discussing about something similar.

Think about a world were all the information in the internet stored in drop of liquid !
Billions of copies of the same can be made in a minute !
And what if all the information would be safe not just for your lifetime but for millions of lifetimes?

Do you think I am crazy?

To Harvard genetic professor Dr. George Church, its sounds like  the future.

Now, Church is focused on doing something no other scientist has succeeded in doing: coding a film onto tiny strands of DNA


In 1984 Dr. Walter Gilbert, who was the Mentor of Dr. Church at Harvard, published the first genome sequencing method.  This is not the first time Dr.Church trying to store information in DNA. In October 2012, Church succeeded in coding 20 million copies of his book, "Regenesis", on to DNA. Carefully converting each letter of  his book in to the alphabet of DNA.

He debuted this achievement on the Colbert Report, handing Stephen Colbert a slip of paper on which the millions of copies were contained in a tiny drop of liquid

I’ve been trying to read and write nucleic acids since I was a teenager

After the success of his book Church decided to take his research to next level

Coding Movie On To DNA

First movie to encoded in DNA is a 1902 French silent Film, "A Trip to the Moon ". This movie considered to be the first-ever science fiction film. This project is funded by film industry giant Technicolor.
A Trip to the moon will be the first movie ever coded in to DNA
A Trip to the moon will be the first movie ever coded in to DNA

How They Are Doing It ?

 The DNA that the team using  will be different from that found in living organisms. We can call it as an "Unnatural DNA", which is denser and more robust to store more information. The process of coding movie to DNA is a very complicated process. But it is something similar to the digitization process.

The first step is  the conversion of each pixels in the movie image in to a binary code based on the color. Based on the color it looks like 110010. This binary code in then converted into the chemical base Adenine(A), Guanine(G), Cytosine(C), Thymine(T). The same method will be used for the audio track as well.

After producing all these DNA stands with information, each stands will index with a chemical label. This index provides the information about the  position of the pixel or a sound in the movie. With special computer program such millions of  DNA strands can be arranged to crate the movie. All the movie stored in micro size. Millions of copies can be created with ease and fast.

Now  the question is to watch the movie. To watch the movie , all we need something to read the DNA and encode the movie- a DNA sequensor and a computer.
It’s a baby technology,We don’t want people to get expectations too high.

Future of This Technology 

Don't think that this technology will replace your DVD player soon. Its value in near future lies in archiving.  As we discussed at the beginning, storing data for a long time is a risky task. Now archived data kept on magnetic tapes in robotic libraries must be backed up every four years or so. It is a time consuming and risky copying practice.

We’ve been exponentially storing more and more data on devices that are fragile, Any company that is doing archiving is worried. They are worried that they will be the one that finally messes something up
 One day all our data can be stored in DNA in small vial and can make millions of copies of the same data very easily.  The storage space requirement for this is very minimal. Although other scientist are working with Synthetic polymers and fuses quarts crystals , Church is convinced that DNA is the solution to the world's archiving problem.


In addition to its miniscule size, DNA lasts for up to 700,000 years without proper storage. With proper storage, it can endure for millions. Therefore, information stored on DNA would not have to be re-saved every few years like current data storage methods require.

Billions of copies can be reproduced quickly and cheaply.
There is no other polymer that would be a priori cheaper to manufacture or easier to program than DNA
The cost of encoding Church's book to DNA was estimated around $1000 and decoding cost was around $1000.  The cost of DNA technology is dropping rapidly according to National Human Genome Research Institute.

For Church, DNA storage is a little science with big possibilities.

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DNA The Future Of Storage: How to store a Movie onto DNA?

Thursday, August 13, 2015

New Company Alphabet From Goolge!

I am not sure, What I have to describe this new initiative.
Alphabet Googles New company
Alphabet From Google : Now Google is Alphabet , Image : Alphabet
Is it a new initiate from Google Or Alphabet?
Is Alphabet is Google or Google is Alphabet?
Google is not a conventional company. We do not indent  to be one.
As on date Google is the company and they were ruling, but now Google is a part of Alphabet.
Alphabet is a group of company, and Google is a part of it among many other company.

We did a lot of things that seemed crazy at the time. Many of those crazy things now have over a billion users, like Google Maps, YouTube, Chrome, and Android. And we haven’t stopped there. We are still trying to do things other people think are crazy but we are super excited about.
At this point of time Google is a well performing company. Larry and Sergey took the decision to open a new company Alphabet. Larry as CEO and Sergey as President.

Our company is operating well today, but we think we can make it cleaner and more accountable. So we are creating a new company, called Alphabet. I am really excited to be running Alphabet as CEO with help from my capable partner, Sergey, as President  

What is Alphabet?

Alphabet is nothing but
Aphabet is a collection of companies. Google is a part of Aphabet. Google will be the biggest company in alphabet but the new Google is little slimmed down.
Sundar Pichai Will be the new CEO of Google.

Google New CEO Sundar Pichai
Sundar Pichai New CEO of Google :Image Google

Sundar has been saying the things I would have said (and sometimes better!) for quite some time now, and I’ve been tremendously enjoying our work together
As explained by Larry in his opening letter, Alphabet is mostly a collection of companies, with companies that are far afield from the main internet products. He has given example of afield companies like new efforts towards health; life science like  glucose sensing contact lense , Calcio focused on longevity.

The basic idea of Alphabet is about business prospering through strong leaders and independence.  In simple word all small companies will run under strong CEO's  under the strong guidance from Larry and Sergey.
This new structure will allow us to keep tremendous focus on the extraordinary opportunities we have inside of Google
Related Read: How Smartphones revolutionize health care science

Alphabet Inc. Will Replace Google Inc. 

All shares and publicly traded entity of Google Inc. will automatically converted in to the same number of shares of Alphabet Inc. The two class of shares continue to trade in Nasdaq as GOOGL and GOOG.

    We are excited about…
  • Getting more ambitious things done.
  • Taking the long-term view.
  • Empowering great entrepreneurs and companies to flourish.
  • Investing at the scale of the opportunities and resources we see.
  • Improving the transparency and oversight of what we’re doing.
  • Making Google even better through greater focus.
  • And hopefully… as a result of all this, improving the lives of as many people as we can

Conclusion :Google Subsidiaries Companies 

Google has done nearly 182 acquisitions and mergers from 2001 to July 2015, the last being Pixate  from USA for material design. Due to this new development may of Google acquired companies and subsidiary companies will get more freedom and focus.
To see the list of Google subsidiaries and Wiki about Google acquisitions and mergers .

The main advantage of Google with the formation of Alphabet is, they can increase focus on subsidiaries. 
As Larry mentioned, Google is all about crazy ideas, If any of their crazy idea fails , it will not effect much on Google. They can go ahead with some minor consequences of the failures.

Now it will take long time for us to call Google as Alphabet. We have to wait how the new products names will come up. The android by Google or Alphabet,  Google glass or Alphabet glass. Nexus from Google or Alphabet.
Looking at the logo of Alphabet, one thing is very clear, Alphabet is really looking for a matured look than the crazy Google. But it is not quite true. The domain address of Alphabet is quite crazy. is really attractive and very innovative.

Now in Alphabet. we have 
G Is For Google

Is For Google

Image :Alphabet

Google Is Alphabet OR Alphabet is Google ?

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